11-02-2014, 17:08,

National Hero of Azerbaijan Tabriz Khalilbeyli was born on February 12, 1964 in Baku. He finished School 18 named after M.Mushfig in Baku, in 1981. In 1982 he entered Azerbaijan State Art Institute. Since the end of 1991 he went to the front as a volunteer. He demonstrated heroism in the battles over Khromord and Nakhchivanik. He was awarded with the prize “Grey

wolf” of MIA for his bravery in the war. On January 31, 1992, Tabriz Khalilbeyli was killed in the battle.

Tabriz Khalilbeyli was awarded with the honorary title of the National Hero of Azerbaijan after his death with the decree of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan on October 8, 1992. He was buried in the Cemetery of Martyrs in Baku. One of the streets of Baku bears his name.

Category: Anniversaries


11-02-2014, 17:03,

Mustafa Mardanov was born on February 28, 1894, in Marand of the Southern Azerbaijan. When he was a child, his family moved to Tbilisi and lived there until 1924. Mustafa Mardanov, who was on the stage since 1910, returned to Tbilisi in 1918 and participated in the Muslim Theatrical Circle, and was in charge of the director of Tbilisi Azerbaijan National Theatre. He continued his activity in Azerbaijan National Drama Theatre since 1924. The actor, who performed the parts of Karamali in “Haji Gara”, Gambar in “Yaghishdan chikhdig, yaghmura dushduk” (“Out of the fire into the pan”), Adham in “Nadir Shah” in Tbilisi theatre, performed more serious parts in Baku theatre. Muzdur Gulu was his first performance in cinema. At the end of the 1920s and in the beginning of the 1930s this actor played silent films. He created unforgettable performances in “O olmasin bu olsun” (“If not than one, let it be this one”), “Ahmad haradadir?” (“Where is Ahmad?”) and “Ganun namina” (“For the sake law”).

The actor was awarded with the title of People’s Artist of Azerbaijan, with orders and medals. His memorial books “50 il Azerbayjan sahnasinde khatirelerim” (“Memories of my 50 years on the Azerbaijani stage”) and “Manim muasirlerim” (“My Contemporaries”) were published in 1959 and 1973. Mustafa Mardanov died on December 12, 1968.

Category: Anniversaries


11-02-2014, 16:45,

Producer Tofig Taghi- zade was born on February 7, 1919 in Baku. After graduating from the faculty of film producers of the State Cinematography Institute in Moscow, in 1953 he began working in “Azerbaijanfilm” studio. “Uzag Sahillerde” (“On the far away shores”), “Asl dost” (“A Real friend”) , “Mateo Falkone”, “Men regs edejeyem” (“I will dance”), “Arshin mal alan” (“The Cloth Paddler”) , “Men ki, gozal deyildim” (“I was not beautiful at all”) , “Yeddi oghul isterem” (“I would like to have seven sons”), “Flamingo – gizil qazdir” (“Flamingo is a golden goose in Azerbaijani”), “Dede-Gorgud”, “Narlig”(“Pomegranate Grove”), “Babamin babasinin babasi” (“Grandfather of my grandfather is grandfather”) , “Bagh movsumu” (“Countryside Season”) and other films occupy a special place in his art bibliography. He was awarded with the title of People’s Artist of Azerbaijan in 1976. Tofig Taghi-zade died on August 27, 1998.

Category: Anniversaries


11-02-2014, 16:23,

Azerbaijani scholar, publicist and philosopher Ali bey Huseyin- zade was born on February 24, 1864 in Salyan. He got his education first in Tbilisi gymnasium in 1875- 1885, later in the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics of Saint Petersburg University in 1885- 1890. In the years of study Ali bey joined the revolutionary movement with a group of the Caucasian youth. As a result of persecution, he left the university for Turkey, went to Istanbul and continued his education in the faculty of Military medicine in Istanbul. In the first years of his career, Ali bey did not work only as a doctor, but was also engaged in literary activity seriously. After returning to Azerbaijan he became the co- editor of the newspaper “Hayat” in 1905 with A.Aghayev and the magazine “Fuyuzat” in 1906. In 1910, Ali bey moved to Turkey and lived in emigration till the end of his life. There he continued his pedagogical, research and public-political activities. In 1926 he attended the first All Union Turkological Congress in Baku. Just in this period his “Gerbin iki dastaninda turk” (“Turk in two eposes of West”) was published in the form of a book. His “Bibi Heybat Mosque” and “Portrait of Shekhulislam” drawings are among the permanent exhibits of the National Art Museum of Azerbaijan named after R.Mustafayev in Baku. He died on March 17, 1940 in Istanbul and was buried in Karajaahmet cemetery.

Category: Anniversaries


22-01-2014, 12:48,

Great Azerbaijani poet Muhammad Fuzuli was born in the settlement of Karbala near Baghdad in 1494. The initial years of life and creative work of Fuzili coincide with the years when the Iragi-Arab, including Karbala, was under the domination of Safavids.

His creative work covers epic and lyric, poeticand prosaic, scientific and art works. His works include a “Divan” (selected poems of the poet) in Azerbaijani and Persian, “Divan” consisted of odes in Azerbaijani, Persian and Arabic, “Leyli and Mejnun” love poem, “Bengu Bade” and “Yeddi Cam” (Seven Glasses)   allegorical poems, letters including “Shikayetname” (Letter of Complaint), “Sehhet ve Merez” ( “Health and Desease”) and “Rindu Zahid” allegorical, socio-philosophical proses in Persian, “Hediqetus- sueda” prose in Turkish, “Hedisi erbein tercumesi” (“Translation of 40 Hadithes”) and “Matlaul Etigad” (“Beginning of  the faith”) scientific- philosophical works in Arabic in this literary heritage.

Fuzuli raised the literary language  with his most beautiful poetic examples in native language after Nesimi and established a literary school which influencced the classical Azerbaijani poetry and poetry of other Turkic peoples. His works repeatedly were published in Tabriz, Baku, Istanbul, Ankara, Cairo, Dashkend, Bukhara and Ashkabad, and were highly appreciated by the  orientalists of the world. 

Category: Anniversaries


16-01-2014, 12:50,

The first female opera writer of the Orient, Shafiga Akhundova was born in Sheki, on January 21, 1924. She started her education in Sheki. Uzeyir Hajiyebeyov was her teacher  at Baku Music School named after Asef Zeynalli between 1943 and 1944. She graduated from Azerbaijan State Conservatory named after U.Hajibeyli,  from the class of B.Zeydman as a composer in 1856. Shafiga khanum performed the Azerbaijani anthem in front of the State Committee for the first time in Azerbaijan State Philarmonic Society.

Sh. Akhundova wrote “Gelin gayasi” (“Bride Rock”) opera in 1971. She was also the composer of several beautiful songs (“Leyla” “Bakhtiyar Eller” (“Happy Lands” ) and etc.), “Ev bizim, sirr bizim” ( “Both house and secret are ours) operetta (1965), plays for string quartet, music of “Aydin” and “Elvida Hindistan!” (“Good bye India”) spectacles and so on.

She was awarded with the honorary title of People’s Artist of the Republic of Azerbaijan in 1998 and with the order “Shohret” (“Fame”) in 2004. Shafiga Akhundova died in Baku, on July 26, 2013. 

Category: Anniversaries


14-01-2014, 10:44,

Being a prominent statesman, genius thinker, politician and publicist, Mahammad Emin Rasul- zade played a significant role in in the creation of the People’s Republic of Azerbaijan, in its formation and activity. Mahammad Emin Rasul-zade was born on the 31st of January, 1884, in Baku. Being a young man, Mahammad Emin Rasul- zade created his first underground organization in 1902- 1907, called “Muslim Youth Organization”, and was engaged in literary activity and popular writing. At the end of 1904 on the basis of the Muslim Democratic Musavat Society he was one of the founders of Muslim Social- Democratic “Hummet”(Support) Organization under Baku Committee of the Russian Democratic Workers’ Party.

In 1906- 1907 he appeared in the newspaper “Tekamul” (Evolution) and others demanding equality for the nations, people and individuals before the law and freedom. With the lapse of time these political demands turned into challenges which sounded like freedom for people, independence for nations.

By the end of 1908 Mahammad Emin Rasul-zade left Baku for Iran feeling the threat of being arrested for disseminating the ideas of national independence. Fearing the revolutionary movement in Iran, the czarist government demanded from Iran to drive Mahammad Emin Rasul-zade, one of the main leaders of that revolutionary movement, out of the country. To escape the persecutions he exiled to Istanbul in 1911. In Turkey he sympathized with the organization of the Young Turkish and worked in the center of an organization called “Turk ocağı”.

After the issue of the decree on pardoning in connection with the 300th anniversary of the dynasty of the Romanovs in 1913 Mahammad Emin Rasul-zade returned home and began to head the Muslim Democratic Party of Musavat (Equality) and to take an active part in the national liberation movement.

On October 26- 31, 1917, the first congress of the Turkic Ədəmi centrist Musavat Party was held in Baku with 500 representatives taking part in it. Mahammad Emin Rasul- zade was elected chairman of the Central Committee of the party.

On May 26, 1918, as a result of the internal intrigues of fractions, the Transcaucasian Parliament collapsed. On the 27th of the same month the National Council of Azerbaijan was established. It consisted of the members of different parties in the Muslim fraction of the parliament. When the Transcaucasian Seim (parliament) disintegrated, Mahammad Emin Rasul- zade was in the conference in Batumi; nevertheless, he was elected chairman of the National Council by balloting.On May 28, 1918, the National Council declared the independence of Azerbaijan as a state and approved the Declaration of Independence.

Mahammad Emin Rasul-zade chaired the presidium of the Second Congress of Musavat Party in the December of 1919 and made an account report on the activity of the Central Committee of the party and of the fraction of the same party in the parliament.

After the events of April 28, on the 17th of August of the same year Mahammad Emin Rasul- zade was arrested. After releasing from prison I. V. Stalin took Mahammad Emin Rasul- zade to Moscow and appointed him to the post of press secretary in the Commissariat of Nationalities of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. In Moscow he was under a strong control. Under the pretext of conducting a research work he left for Leningrad (now Sanct-Peterburg), there with the help of Musa Jarullah Bigiyev (1875- 1949), one of the Tatar enlighteners, he crossed to Finland and then immigrated to Turkey from there.

Thus, since 1922, his life of a political emigrant began. Since 1931 he continued his life as an emigrant in the European countries. Since 1932 he began to live in Poland. In 1936 he held the conference of Musavat Party in Warsaw, which had the authority of a congress. In 1938 he worked as an adviser to the Polish government. In connection with the break of the World War Second in 1939 he went to France, from there to Switzerland, then to England, finally to Romania and began to live there since 1940.

By the end of the war he lived illegally in Munich and created an anti-fascist organization engaged in the liberation of Azerbaijanis from the fascist captivity. Some time later he created the Turkish- Azerbaijani association which helped the liberated captives to go to Turkey. In

1947 Mahammad Emin Rasul- zade returned to Turkey and continued there his activity as the head of the Azerbaijani National Center. To unite all the Azerbaijani emigrants around a single center he instituted the House of Azerbaijani Culture in Ankara in 1949. Even in the years of his immigration and till the last days of his life he continued his fight for the goal in which he believed. On the 6th of March, 1955, he breathed his last and joined the eternity uttering the words “Azerbaijan…, Azerbaijan…, Azerbaijan…” He was buried in the cemetery of Asri in Ankara.

Category: Anniversaries


9-01-2014, 12:53,

National hero Matlab Guliyev was born in Beylegan on January 9, 1959.  He got his secondary education  in Sumgayit, later entered military school named after J.Nakhchivanski. He graduated from Azerbaijan Pedogogycal University as a lieutenant in 1985. He began working in the organs of the Internal Affairs in 1992. Matlab Guliyev joined the fights in Aghdam on August 31, 1992, and perished heroically. Senior lieutenant Matlab Guliyev was awarded with the title of National Hero of Azerbaijan after his death with the decree of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, No 290, on November 6, 1992. He was buried in the Alley of Martyrs in Baku. School 3  in Sumgait where his studied was named after him. His bust was erected in front of the school. 

Category: Anniversaries


5-01-2014, 12:54,

Opera singer Ahmad Badalbayli (Aghdamski) was born in Shusha, in an educated family, on January 5, 1884. He began his career on stage in the theatre troupe of “Nijat” Charity Society in 1910.

During the years in theatre he had friendly relations with Huseyngulu Sarabski, Huseyn Arablinski, Mirzaagha Aliyev, H.Hajibababeyov and other art patriots and worked with them.

Ahmad bey played the part of Leyli in “Leyli and Mejnun”, the first opera in the Orient, by Uzeyir Hajibeyov. He took Aghdamski as a stage- name. A.Aghdamski was known as a performer of female parts for the first time on the stages of Azerbaijan Opera and Musical Comedy Theatre. He performed in women’s clothes for 12 years.

His name was carved on the opera history with the parts of Leyli in “Leyli and Mejnun”, Asli in “Asli and Karam”, Gulnaz in “O olmasin bu olsun” (“If not that one, then this one”), Gulchohre in “Arshin mal alan” (“Cloth Peddler”), Minnet in “Husband and Wife”, Tahmina in “Rustam and Sohrab”, daughter of the peasant in “Shah Abbas and Khurshudbanu”. He was awarded with the title of “Honoured Art Worker of the Republic of Azerbaijan” in 1943. Ahmad-bey Aghdamski died on April 1, 1954. 

Category: Anniversaries


3-12-2013, 11:51,

Mehdi Huseynzade, hero of the USSR was born on December 22, 1918 in the village of Novkhani of Baku.

He was wounded in one of the fights around Kalach in the summer of 1942, during the World War II and was taken prisoner by fascists. In 1943 he ran away from the captivity and joined to Yugoslavian and Italian guerillas. He popularized with his bravery and nickname “Mikhailo”. Mehdi Huseynzade was wounded during guerilla movement and perished on November 16, 1944.

Category: Anniversaries




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