Scholars consider Azerbaijan to include "the land populated today by the Azerbaijan Turks, the people who inhabit the region stretching from the northern slopes of the Caucuses Mountains along the Caspian Sea to the Iranian plateau". Azerbaijan is among the areas of earliest human settlement, with evidence of human habitation since the Palaeolithic age. Settlements engaging in agriculture and livestock-raising were widely distributed about this area in the seventh and sixth millennia BC. Rock paintings in Gobustan near are dated by scholars to the XIII millennia BC.
The political system of the Republic of Azerbaijan reflects the characteristics of the national and historical profile.
A delegation led by OSCE Parliamentary Assembly President Ranko Krivokapic will arrive in Azerbaijan today, Azerbaijani Parliament told APA.
The principles of comprehensive settlement of the Nagorno- Karabakh conflict should be agreed upon now, President of the European Council Herman Van Rompuy said in Yekaterinburg, Trend reports quoting Russia 24 Channel.
Official name: The Republic of Azerbaijan
Capital city: Baku
Official languages: Azerbaijani
Main religion: Islam
Monetary unit: 1 manat = 100 gapiks
GDP: 48, 2azn
Per capita: $ 6686, 6
Main export articles: oil and oil products
National Domain: .az
International telephone code: +994
Territory of the Republic of Azerbaijan: 86.6 thousand square kilometers. Azerbaijan is situated between the geographical coordinates of 44 and 52eastern longitudes, 38 and 42 northern latitudes. Baku is situated on the 40th parallel. Azerbaijan has common boundaries with: Iran in the south along the perimeter: 765 km; with Turkey:15 km; with Russia in the north: 390 km; and with Armenia in the west: 1007 km. The length of the coastal line is 713 km.
Azerbaijan is situated on the southeastern part of the Caucasus, which stretches for more than 800 km from the Black to the Caspian sea. Lying at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, the country has a unique geographical position, and retains its significance for world economic and cultural links.
Azerbaijan is surrounded by mountains, occupying more than half of its territory: to the north is the Greater Caucasus with the highest peak of the country Bazardyuzy - 4,466m (its southeastern part reaches Azerbaijan), to the southwest is the massive Transcaucasian upland extending to Armenia and Georgia, bordered by the Lesser Caucasus, and to the south the Talysh Mountains.
Baku is the capital of the Republic of Azerbaijan. It is a large scientific, cultural and industrial center. Ancient foundations, a large area and population all make Baku one of the oldest and largest cities in the East.