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14-11-2013, 11:14,

Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan (DRA) was the first parliamentary Republic in the East, first democratic, legal , and secular state in the Turkish and Islamic world. On May 27, 1918, the members of the Muslim Council of the Transcaucasia held a special meeting in Tiflis and declared the independence of Azerbaijan. On May 28, 1918, the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan, which declared its independence, temporarily was located in Ganja as a capital. On September 15, 1918, after the fights, the National Army of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan and the military units of  the Caucasian Islamic Army under the command of Nuru Pasha liberated Baku from the Bolshevik, Armenian-Dashnak and British military units and the Azerbaijani government moved to Baku. However, the life of the first democratic republic in the East lasted only 23 months. It fell on April 27, 1920, as a result of the intervention of the Eleventh Army. After 71 years, in 1991, Azerbaijan restored its independence and through continuing the ideas of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan established the new independent Republic of Azerbaijan.

Category: First in Azerbaijan

 

14-11-2013, 11:12,

Leyla Mammadbeyova (1909- 1989) was the first female pilot in Azerbaijan, as well as, in the Eastern Europe and the Middle East. Leyla Mammadbeyova got the education in Baku aero club and had her first flight in 1931.  From 1932 she continued her education in Moscow and on March 17, 1993 jumping with parachute from U- 2 in Tushino aerodrome she became the second female parachutist of the Soviet Union (first was Nina Kamneva).

Category: First in Azerbaijan

 

14-11-2013, 11:10,

The Ballet “Giz Galasi” (“Maiden Tower”) was the first ballet in Azerbaijan and in the Muslim East. The music and libretto of the ballet consisted of three acts, a prologue and an epilogue, belongs to the Azerbaijani composer Afrasiyab Badalbeyli. Afrasiyab Badalbeyli was the composer of the first ballet in Azerbaijan. At the age of  33, Afrasiyab Badalbeyli founded the first Azerbaijani ballet in the music history with his “Giz Galasi”.

 

Category: First in Azerbaijan

 

14-11-2013, 11:09,

The first metro in the East was put into operation in Azerbaijan. On November 6, 1967 the first passenger train of the East began operating. On November 25, regular operation of the trains started. It is necessary to emphasize that in 1967 the first metro inthe East was included into the book of “Guinness World Records”.

Category: First in Azerbaijan

 

14-11-2013, 11:08,

On October 7, 1901, on the  initiation and financial support of the great philanthropist Haji Zeynalabdin Tagiyev the first secular school for girls was established in Baku for the first time in the East. Although Tagiyev did not have education, he gave much attention to enlightenment of his nation. Tagiyev took the responsibility of endowment 25 thousand rubles to the construction and putting 125 thousand rubles to bank as untouchable capital (percentage rates from this capital had to provide the current expenditures of the education center) for Baku Russian- Muslim Girls School named after the Empress Alexandra Fyodorovna. 

Category: First in Azerbaijan

 

14-11-2013, 11:06,

For the first time tram as a transport in Baku began to work in 1924 in the East and in the Former Soviet Union. This line connected Azneft with the Railway Station.

Category: First in Azerbaijan

 

14-11-2013, 11:05,

In 1909, Uzeyir Hajibeyov established the operetta genre in the East with his “Er ve Arvad (“Husband and Wife””) the  libretto and music of which belonged to him. Later he wrote ““O olmasin bu olsun” (“If not this one, let it be the other one”) and “Arshin mal alan” (“Cloth Peddler”) and created an operetta trilogy. As in all his creative works Uzeyir Hajibeyov the freedom of women was very conspicuous in  his “Er ve Arvad”. Although the content of the operetta based on social and family problems and the description of situation of women deprived from all rights are very simple, it is very didactic.

Category: First in Azerbaijan

 

14-11-2013, 11:03,

History of radio in Azerbaijan begins from the 20s  years of the 20th century. In 1926 the first radio station was launched. On Novermber 26 of the same year the first radio broadcast was on air. The first telecast was on air on February 14, 1956.

Category: First in Azerbaijan

 

14-11-2013, 11:01,

The construction of the observatory started in 1958, and finished within a short time period, in 1960 and Shamakhi Astrophysical Observatory became operational. Shamakhi Astrophysical Observatory named after Nasraddin Tusi, is 1400 m above the sea level,it is situated not far from the settlement of Pirgulu. One of the biggest telescopes in the former USSR was mounted here.

Category: First in Azerbaijan

 

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