Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan (DRA) was the first parliamentary Republic in the East, first democratic, legal , and secular state in the Turkish and Islamic world. On May 27, 1918, the members of the Muslim Council of the Transcaucasia held a special meeting in Tiflis and declared the independence of Azerbaijan. On May 28, 1918, the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan, which declared its independence, temporarily was located in Ganja as a capital. On September 15, 1918, after the fights, the National Army of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan and the military units of the Caucasian Islamic Army under the command of Nuru Pasha liberated Baku from the Bolshevik, Armenian-Dashnak and British military units and the Azerbaijani government moved to Baku. However, the life of the first democratic republic in the East lasted only 23 months. It fell on April 27, 1920, as a result of the intervention of the Eleventh Army. After 71 years, in 1991, Azerbaijan restored its independence and through continuing the ideas of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan established the new independent Republic of Azerbaijan.